Trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted disease (STDs) and is common these days. Antibiotics can be given for treatments of trichomaniasis.Some alternative medicine therapies are also available. These therapies are not significantly beneficial. Doctor’s consultation and use of antibiotics are most important in diseases of this sort and home therapy should be avoided to prevent diseases like syphilis, HIV, gonorrhoea or Chlamydia.
Some people feel that natural douches once in a day may help .One can add the juice of one lemon to either of the following douches to improve parasite killing.
- Vinegar douche – 1 teaspoon vinegar to 1 quart warm water
- Yogurt douche or lactobacillus acidophilus solution-one half teaspoon to one cup of water.
Some therapies which can be used are:
Aromatherapy-Oil of bergamot helps in drying of irritating discharge. It can be added to bath water or can be used in douches.
Metronidazole-It can be used except first trimester of pregnancy when clotrimazole is used topically. Use of alcohol should be prohibited while using this drug (The combination of both can lead to pain in abdomen and nausea).A single dose is effective in long term treatments. Pills taken twice a day for 7 days is an alternative.
Clotrimazole-It is used in pregnancy and the medicine is inserted into the vagina for 14 days but the cure rate is only 20%.
Male partners do not have any symptoms and hence do not seek medical care. It is important that your sexual partner is properly evaluated and treated. Otherwise the person can get infected again. If the partner has been treated with infection than large dose of metronidazole may be given or treatment of 7 days can be given. The doctor needs a additional prescription for the partner without diagnosing him or her.
The trichomoniasis is a sexually transmitted disease and abstinence is the required method for contraction of the disease. Safe sex and hygiene issues help prevent trichomonas infection.
- Make use of condoms.
- Wash your body parts before and after intercourse.
- Don’t share swimsuits and towels (Trichomonads survive for about 45 min outside infection.
- Take shower immediately after doing swimming in a pool.
STD or sexually transmitted diseases as the name suggests are those diseases which is transmitted from one person to another due to unprotected sex. There are many diseases which can be sexually transmitted from one person to another and so are the treatments. The treatment is given as per the disease. Following are some of the sexually transmitted disease and their treatments:
Chlamydia and Gonorrhea – These sexually transmitted diseases are treated with antibiotics. The infected person is immediately put on these antibiotics once the symptoms are confirmed. It is advised that the infected person should also be put on these antibiotics regardless of symptoms as there is a high probability that the person can also have risk of contacting these STD’s. The bacteria of gonorrhea can become resistant to one drug thus the infected person has to take more than one drug to fight with this disease.
Genital herpes – once the person is infected with genital herpes than the virus of this sexually transmitted disease remains in the body forever. The herpes may occur several times in a person’s body after the first outbreak. The infected person is given antibiotics like valtrex, famvir and zovirax in order to reduce the severity and length of outbreaks. The person suffering from frequent outbreak can also be given suppressive therapy in which the patient is given medicine to prevent any further outbreak.
Syphilis – in case of syphilis the infected person is given penicillin. The early treatment of this disease is very important in order to prevent the virus of this disease to spread and doing damage to other organs.
HIV/AIDS – As we all know that AIDS is not a curable disease till now thus the treatment given in this disease is to keep the HIV levels under control. The infected person is given antiretroviral drugs which are considered as standard therapy for HIV/AIDS and usually the person is given several antibiotics to fight with HIV/AIDS.
Trichomoniasis – This disease is caused due to organism which is treated with metronidazole antibiotic. The drug is taken in the body orally however women who are in their first three month of pregnancy are prescribed a cream which needs to be inserted in the vagina.
It is also called as bacterial vaginosis(BV).it is a vaginal condition that leads from a overgrowth of normal bacteria in the vagina and can produce vaginal discharge. In earlier days, it was known as gardnerella vaginitis, after the bacteria that were thought to cause the condition. The new name bacteria vaginosis reflects the fact that excess numbers of bacteria live in the vagina area and cause discharge with a foul odor. The gardnerella bacterium is not the only culprit for vaginal discharge.
Any women showing the signs of Chlamydia and gonorrhoea should consult with doctor so that it avoids the chances of more serious infections like Chlamydia and gonorrhoea. The symptoms may resemble that of Trichomoniasis and yeast infections. Though this infection is not dangerous but it can cause irritable symptoms. It has been estimated that 1 among 3 women will experience this problem at some point in their life.
Around 29% of women in US have been suffering from bacterial vaginosis and 16% of pregnant women and 60% of sexually transmitted women are victim of same infection.
The treatment of bacterial vaginosis includes intake of antibiotics and they are:
- Metronidazole oral pill form or by metronidazole gel which can be used in vagina
- Vaginal clindamycin cream(Cleocin)
After treatment also, bacterial vaginosis can occur within 12 months. It is unclear why so many infections develop at recurrent rate. a second course of antibiotics can be given .metronidazole is an effective cure and also available is vaginal clindamycin cream. The gels might cause vaginitis (side effects).Tinidazole is an antibiotic that has less side effects than metronidazole.No special treatment is required if the signs disappear.
In case of pregnancy, this infection can lead to premature labor, premature birth of baby, and infection of the amniotic fluid and infection of the uterus after delivery of baby.
Yeast infection is an infection of the vagina caused to a fungus named as Candida. It is characterized by burning, soreness, pain during sexual activity, urination and vaginal discharge and itching. It can be treated with anti fungal medications applied to the required area or can be taken through mouth. Candida may be normally present in some women and not cause disease.
Treatment of Vaginal yeast infection and vulvitis can be treated with antifungal medicines that can be applied topically in and around the vagina or with antifungal medications taken by mouth. Mixed infections with more than one microbe need various treatments. Antifungal creams are:
The over dose of treatments are an option for some women when yeast is the cause of the infection. It has been seen that infection other than yeast can yield similar symptoms. These include bacterial, vaginosis, Chlamydia and gonorrhea. If symptoms do not get erased with time then patients should see doctor for evaluation.
Antifungal medications that are available in form of vaginal tablets are:
- Miconazole(Monistat, Micatin)
Other medications for yeast vaginitis and vulvitis includes fluconazole (Diflucan)
Most doctors treat vaginal yeast infections with vaginal tablets and suppositories as compared to oral medications. Oral antifungal medicines can cause side effects like headache, nausea and abdominal pain while vaginal treatment is unlikely to cause side effects. Oral medications are not prescribed during pregnancy time.
All women with the symptoms of infection described above should be treated. Women without symptoms should not be treated. Most experts do not prescribe to treat sexual partners of women with yeast vaginitis, if they do not show any signs of infection.
Scabies is a parasitic infection related to skin and is commonly caused by one of the species of mites known as Sarcoptes scabiei.These mites bury themselves in very topmost layer of the human skin and there they lay eggs and they can’t be seen with the help of human eye.
An infestation of these mites into the skin produces itching on the skin and the person infested can develop blisters as well as postules on palms of the hands and these blisters are common in babies or young children. Infections of scabies occur globally and are common these days. Around 300 million cases of scabies occur every year.
Infections can happen in both men and women and includes all socio economic classes as well as all groups. The infection of scabies are very contagious and spread most easily in crowded areas where there is a close contact such as in prisons, daycare centers, nursing homes, hospitals etc.It can occur in ever growing population of homeless people.
Scabies can get spread through sexual contact and is considered as sexually transmitted disease. A dense infestation of scabies is called Crusted scabies because of thick skin crusted over and consists of large numbers of mites and scabies as well as eggs.
Sometimes they reach up to two million in patients leading to a major crisis situation. Scabies is also called by other names such as Mange, Itch Mite & 7 year itch and is also referred as Norwegian scabies. A proper consultation of doctor is required in case of suffering from scabies. Removal of mites with medication as well as their removal in bedding and clothes is important. All bedding linens, towels and clothes are required to be washed in hot water and dried with dry heat. The items that can not be washed can be stored in zip up plastic bags and placed out of the way for some weeks. This will starve and kill the mites.
One cream called Elimite should be applied from the neck down and left on overnight.
The Lindane is also available as a lotion,cream and shampoo.The Crotamiton lotion is 10% cream known as Eurax,Crotan is another treatment for scabies.
Over many past years, various drugs have become available to fight both the HIV infection and the associated functions and dreadful disease like cancer.HIV stands for Human immunodeficiency virus. AIDS stands for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.
The medication related to HIV treatment is highly active antiretroviral therapy and have slowly decreased HIV – associated complications and deaths. But there is no cure for HIV/AIDS. The therapy is initiated with individualized under the guidance of physician who is an n authorized expert in care of HIV-infected patients. A combination of minimum three medicines is recommended to suppress the virus from replication and enhance the immune system.
The different types of medicines used in treatment are
- Nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) – these involve medications such as zidovudine, didanosine, stavudine, lamivudine, abacavir, tenofovir and emtricitabine.it is an example of reverse transcriptase.
- Inhibitors of reverse transcriptase-These drugs prohibit the ability of bacteria’s and viruses to make copies of it.leoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIS) are generally used in combination with NRTIs to help keep the virus from multiplying. Examples are: nevirapine,delavirdine and efavirenz.Etravirane is a new member of drugs and has been approved by U.S. FDA in 2008.
- Protease inhibitors (PIs): these drugs interrupt replication of virus at a later step in life cycle, prevents cells from producing new viruses. These include saquinavir, ritonavir, a combination of lopinavir and ritonavir, indinavir, amprenavir and fosamprenavir, darunavir, atazavir, nelfinavir and tipranavir.Using PIs with NRTIs decreases the chances that the virus will become resistant to drugs.
- Fusion and entry inhibitors are new agents that prevents HIV from entering cells of humans.Enfuvirtide is the first drug in this group. It is given in inject able form like insulin. Another drug named as maraviroc connects to a protein on its surface of the cells of human and taken through mouth. Both drugs are used along with anti-HIV drugs dosage.
- Integrase inhibitors stop genes of HIV from becoming incorporated in to cells of human’s DNA.example-raltegravir is the first drug approved by FDA in this case.
- An antiretroviral drug prohibits viral replication and delays the development of AIDS.
- Pregnant women who a re suffering from HIV seek immediate care and consultation of doctor to discuss anti-HIV medication.
Most people associate yeast infection with female as it is a fact that many women suffer from genital yeast infection or candidas. However, we must be aware that many men also suffer from genital yeast infection and it’s not a very uncommon disease in men. In men, the infection can occur from unprotected sex with an infected female, it can also get transmitted during men with men sexual intercourse.
Treatment of Male Yeast Infection
Most doctors or physicians prescribe the drug, Difulcan and at times, they also prescribe a non-prescription remedy called Monistat treatment. However, such mode of treatment will not provide any permanent solution and will only treat the symptoms of the disease and not the disease itself.
The best way to make sure that the infection does not occur again, is to make some affective changes in one’s lifestyle and then try some natural and homemade remedies for speedy recovery.
Natural yogurt, taking in an adequate quantity, can greatly reduce the pain associated with the disease; it can also prevent any further infection in the patient. The person suffering from yeast infection should follow a healthy diet, rich in vegetables and fruit. He should also avoid consuming alcohol and eating excessive sugar or sugar based food.
Adding white vinegar and salt in the bath water can also reduce the affects of the infection and also speed up the recovery process.
Also, it is important that a man suffering from this disease should take extra care of his personal hygiene and clean the infected are after going to the toilet. People can also opt for a various creams or lotions which are found in the market, for treating yeast infection. However, one should only apply these creams or lotions after consulting with a doctor and making sure that the chemicals in those products do not cause any allergic reaction.
Syphilis is a Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD), which is caused by bacterium called Treponema pallidum (sub-species pallidum). It is transmitted when a person has any kind of sexual contact with an infected individual, it can also be transmitted from a pregnant mother to the fetus (unborn child).
In 1901, the German bacteriologist Paul Ehrlich, synthesized Salvarsan , an organic compound of arsenic , designed specifically for the treatment of syphilis and it became one of the first drugs, effective in synthetic cure of infectious diseases . The Salvarsan (and its derivative neosalvarsan) were dropped from 1944, in favor of treatment with penicillin, which is way more effective.
To test the effectiveness of penicillin, during the years 1946 to 1948, the US Government conducted syphilis experiments on citizens of Guatemala and they came up results, which strengthen their belief in penicillin as the right drug for treating this disease.
Today, syphilis is easily cured with antibiotics such as penicillin, during the primary and secondary stages. Penicillin can also be used in the last stage of the disease, but the dosage has to be of g-sodium penicillin, as the sodium will help in diffusing the antibiotic to the CSF (cerebrospinal fluid), which is where the bacteria lives, during this last phase.
Sufferers of syphilis should lead a healthy life with a balanced diet and adequate sleep. The bacterium Treponema pallidum is a spirochete and can be treated with benzathine penicillin in the form of intramuscular injection.
The dosage of penicillin depends on the stage of the disease, ranging from a single dose in primary infections to schemes where it is necessary to provide multiple doses of the antibiotic (late syphilis or delayed dormant). Patients who are allergic to penicillin, can opt for other anti-biotic drugs like doxycycline , macrolides or ceftriaxone .
Herpes Simplex, which is commonly known as herpes is a kind of viral disease, which is caused by the virus called Herpes Simples (Type 1 & Type 2). Herpes can be of many types but the common ones are Oral Herpes (infection in the face of a person) and Genital Herpes (infection in the genitalia of a person). It is transmitted when the body fluid of an infected person comes in direct contact with a healthy individual.
Treatment of Herpes
There is really no treatment to completely eliminate the infection of Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV), because once the virus enters a body, it will always remain in an inactive form with the possibility of causing further infections.
There are medications that can reduce the frequency of the infections, their duration and the damage they cause.
Prophylactic treatment is important at the onset of outbreaks, so that it can quickly contribute to the recovery and stop anyone else from being infected.
Here are a few precautions that will help in the recovery:
- Keep the infected area clean.
- Do not touch the infected area and also avoid the least possible injury.
- Wash hands thoroughly before and after coming in contact with the lesions.
- In case of genital herpes, avoid sexual contact since your partner will be at the risk of being infected.
- In case of cold sores, avoid direct contact with other people, or else the infection may increase.
Herpes simplex usually responds to anti-viral drugs like acyclovir. It is even more effective acyclovir and valacyclovir oral tablets are very affective. A single dose of 4 tablets (500 mg each) should be enough to reduce the infection. If herpes simplex recurrences are common and affect your daily life, then you can take acyclovir or valacyclovir tablets orally every day to suppress the virus; it is known as suppressive therapy.
Hepatitis is inflammation of the liver caused by a virus infection, and more rarely by intoxication. The main symptom is jaundice (yellowing of the skin). When a person suffers from hepatitis, his liver in inflated and it stops working properly. There are three types of Hepatitis, namely Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C.
Anyone can catch it, but there are certain groups of people who are more likely:
- People who have received blood transfusions.
- People who have sexual contact with a infected person, and
- Men who have sex with men.
Symptoms of Hepatitis
Symptoms of the disease are common for all forms of hepatitis, whether it’s A, B or C.
The common symptoms are:
- Loss of appetite
- Stomach ache
- Symptoms present only some people
- Darkening of urine
- Colored droppings
- Yellowing of skin or eyes (jaundice)
Treatments of Hepatitis
Most people, who have hepatitis A or hepatitis B, recover on their own after a few weeks. However, it is very important to follow some guidelines:
- Bed rest for several days or weeks depending on the overall condition of the person;
- Follow a diet rich in protein and low in fat (to lower the blood level of transaminases);
- Drink plenty of fluids (water or juice);
- Do not drink alcohol until you are completely cured;
- Take the medicines your doctor prescribes
- Prevent consuming certain types of drugs such as painkillers and tranquilizers.
Those who do not recover on their own, like in acute cases of Hepatitis B, have to take different anti-viral drugs (mainly lamivudine), which are prescribed by their physician.
Hepatitis C has to be treated with drugs, if patients don’t recover on their own within a couple of months. Most commonly used drugs are ribavivirin (anti-viral) and peginterferon.