Who does not want to prevent the Pneumonia? However for the children, older adults and patients suffering from chronic illnesses; it is vital to take various preventive measures for leading better and quality life.
It goes without saying that practising a good hygiene and avoiding sick people goes a long way in preventing serious respiratory infections like pneumonia.
You may take below mentioned preventive measures to avoid the pneumonia infection.
Practice a healthy lifestyle: You should do regular exercise and keep a strong immune system. You should take a balanced diet including plenty of fruits and vegetables. Also, don’t forget to get enough sleep. All these things will effectively prevent you from infections.
Avoid smoking: The infections of the lung tissues are more prevalent in individuals who smoke regularly. Thus, smoking enhances your chances of getting pneumonia. You should try to avoid smoking and if possible stop it completely.
Avoid contact with infected people: As most of the infections are contagious in nature, you should avoid the contact of sick people who are suffering from respiratory tract infections like colds and influenza (flu).
Maintain good hygiene: You should maintain a good hygiene to avoid infections. It includes washing your hands regularly as it assists in preventing the spread of pneumonia causing viruses and bacteria.
Avoid contact with people infected with measles or chickenpox: Pneumonia may result due to the complication of measles or chickenpox, thus, you should try to avoid contact with infected people.
Vaccinations: The vaccines provide effective prevention from pneumonia. However, they do not help everyone. There are different vaccines available in the market for children and older adults.
• Vaccine for children: Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (PCV)
• Vaccine for older adults: Pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV)
Although vaccines do not provide comprehensive protection from pneumonia in adults, they offer prevention from some of the serious pneumonia complications such as bacteraemia, septicaemia, etc; in healthy younger adults and individuals older than 55 years.
Moreover, vaccines are also recommended in older adults who are 65 or older, smokers, and individuals suffering from chronic condition.
Vaccines for other diseases
The vaccination for other diseases may prevent the occurrence of common diseases where pneumonia is a complication. Examples of such vaccines are vaccines for measles, chicken pox, influenza, etc.
Vaccine for measles: The vaccination for measles prevents the occurrence of measles in children and thereby reducing the chances of pneumonia. Those adults, who were not vaccinated during childhood or have not got the measles, should be vaccinated against measles.
Varicella-zoster vaccine: It is the chickenpox vaccine and it assists in preventing many cases of pneumonia caused by the chickenpox causing virus.
Vaccines for influenza: Everyone should get the yearly vaccination shots for influenza. It helps in preventing the flu or Influenza that can lead to pneumonia. It is recommended in individuals who are older adults or suffering from chronic medical diseases.
Intake of Zinc: The mineral zinc has proven to be effective in preventing pneumonia in children. It is usually served as a dietary supplement and present in cereals, sea food, beans or lean red meats.