Tuberculosis can be caused to anyone and that too anywhere. The researches have estimated that about 1/3 of the total world’s population has been experiencing this disease. It is the mycobacterium tuberculosis that is most commonly observed amongst the people. Presently, it has been believed to be the third largest life threatening disease after respiratory and cardiovascular diseases.
Till this date tuberculosis has been considered as the global health problem. So, it is very necessary that one should know the symptoms of this disease so that he/she can take action against it as soon as possible.
Before looking at the tuberculosis symptoms, let us first understand the tuberculosis infection. This infection is transmitted through the mycobacterium tuberculosis germ. This germ causes infection in the body when transmitted through air. Remember, that tuberculosis is an air-borne disease. Any person suffering from tuberculosis can transmit the disease through air.
The most common tuberculosis symptom is cough. So, if any TB or tuberculosis infected patient sneezes, talk, cough or spit, they spread the harmful mycobacterium germ in the air. So, any person can suffer from tuberculosis if he/she inhales only few of the infected tuberculosis bacteria germs. Children mostly get the disease from their adult TB patients.
If any family has a TB patient then the other members have the maximum chance to experience the disease in near future. Those patients with tuberculosis who are diagnosed with positive status acid-fast bacilli can harm 10-15 people every year with this deadly disease.
The tuberculosis bacteria, once they enter in the body can be easily transmitted in the lings through the lymph nodes and blood vessels. Hence, through blood vessels the germs of tuberculosis can enter to various other parts of the body such as brain, kidney, lungs, bone, lymph nodes, gastrointestinal tract and many others. However, it is the lungs that are affected the most by this disease.
As discussed earlier the patients infected with tuberculosis generally have coughed. These patients show coughing up phlegm for about 2-3 weeks continuously or more. Additional tuberculosis symptoms include:
- Phlegm mixed with the blood
- Shortness of breath
- Coughing up blood
- Body weakness and fatigue
- Weight loss
- Decreased appetite
- Night sweats without performing and physical activity
- Fever lasting for more than a month
However, keep in mind that it is not necessary that the above symptoms can only be if you have tuberculosis. The symptoms might be seen in any other lung diseases such as asthma, lung cancer, bronchitis and many others.
In order to detect tuberculosis in children a tuberculin test is the best examination to detect whether any child is infected due to mycobacterium tuberculosis. However, Monteux test is preferred most of the time. This is an injection which is usually on the upper half of the left forearm. After 48 hours the diameter of swelling region is measured to determine tuberculosis.
An infected person has to take the drugs for 9 months or more to treat tuberculosis. In addition, proper nutrition, regular exercise would also help in quick recovery.