This gland is a pea shaped structure located inside a bony structure simply at the base of the brain. This sella turcica also protects the gland and allow very little time for expansion. This gland often allows flexibility and allows other endocrine glands to perform their duties effectively. This gland is often controlled by hypothalamus which is again a region located above the pituitary gland. Once the hormone level is detected the hypothalamus of the pituitary glands can decide on the level of secretion.

The main job of a pituitary gland involves two important parts called the anterior lobe and posterior lobe. The lobes are both connected to the hypothalamus and also contain blood vessels which cause nerve fibers. The job of the hypothalamus is to also control the level of hormone secretion to the blood vessels. The pituitary gland also undergoes a lot of malfunction issues. Mostly it results in developing tumor or adenoma. This tumor can then produces or overproduce hormones inside the pituitary cells causing enlargement of the pituitary glands.

In cases of over-production of hormones by the pituitary tumor, the gland undergoes a major change. Doctors can effectively check the malfunction of a pituitary gland. Firstly with the use of tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, the enlarged or shrunk pituitary gland can be observed. This scan can often lead to visibility of any kind of tumor in the gland. The doctor would then check for the levels of pituitary hormones in the body. A simple blood test is enough to measure the levels of hormones in the body.

However at times the levels are difficult to interpret and can vary depending on a person’s body and needs. The doctor would need a substance for hormone production that can check the level of hormones in the body. This procedure is complex but doctors sometimes measure the insulin level for a quick understanding of the growth hormone.

Goiter is an enlargement of the thyroid gland. It is definitely not cancerous. The person suffering from goiter will certainly have very normal levels of thyroid hormones and sometimes the level can go very low.

Hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism are both equally responsible for this. The thyroid gland looks like a butterfly and is located just below the Adams’ apple. In case the thyroid gland grows larger than necessary it turns into goiter. This particular disorder is generally painless but patients do experience trouble in swallowing food.

It is a known fact that goiter was caused due to lack of iodine. This is considered invalid by most countries as an imbalance in thyroid hormones are the main reasons. There are though an equal number of people who suffer from goiter as they have an imbalanced diet. Nearly 8.5% of people in Britain have goiter. This swelling looks elongated and can be present even during birth.

The important symptoms to note are an enlargement in the thyroid gland. The beginning of this disorder starts with a headache and rash. This can be the first sign to understand that there are some major problems. Although some might notice the goiter they would be unaware of its symptoms and possible appearance. The other main symptoms of this disorder include swelling and formation of lump. The swelling takes place at the lower end of the neck. You can keep a check of this while looking at the mirror or while applying make-up.

There are two main types of goiter. Firstly, diffuse small goiter is when the entire thyroid gland swells. This can turn smooth while it is touched or felt. The next would be nodular goiter. Here small nodules form goiter which then swells. They are lumpy and can be soft when touched too. Some of the most common symptoms include tightness in the throat, breathing problems, swallowing issues, coughing more than necessary, breathlessness, stern voice and low stamina.

People suffering from goiter often end up looking for assistance when it comes to food. They can chew very little at a time and will often prefer liquids than hard solids. They also need to avoid solid spicy foods that might add fire to the already existing irritation. You will notice that the person will always cover the neck with a bow or scarf as prolonged sun exposure can cause burns. They are also required to get proper medications taken from doctors and follow check-ups regularly.

It is referred as an autoimmune disease that often leads due to an overactive thyroid gland which is also termed as hyperthyroidism. The thyroid gland is certainly the most important organ in the body. This is found just below the Adam’s apple on your neck. Its main function includes secreting T3 and T4 hormones both of which are extremely important for controlling metabolism and building calcium. This job of controlling metabolism is important as it determines the weight, and energy levels of the patient. If the body secretes too much of these hormones it leads to hyperthyroidism and in case of reduced level leads to hypothyroidism.

Greaves disease is caused due to hyperthyroidism. It can also be clarified as an abnormal immune system often causing the thyroid glands to secrete higher levels of hormones. It is certainly common in women above 20 yrs of age.

However, this disease is also common in men and some of the symptoms of this disease include; double vision, difficulty in concentrating, eye irritation, anxiety, fatigue, irregular bowel movements, breast enlargement, heat intolerance, insomnia, muscle weakness, menstrual irregularity, sweating, palpitations, nervousness, goiter, weight loss, tremor and breathlessness.

A physical examination will be required to understand the heart rate of the patient. The test to control or determine goiter would be blood tests for checking the levels of T3, T4 and TSH hormones. Sometimes an orbit CT scans ultrasounds or immunoglobulin anti-TSH receptor s also undertaken. The whole idea is to control the level of over activity of the thyroid gland.

Hyperthyroidism can be treated with the help of the following methods. There can be need for a surgery, use of antithyroid medicines, or radioactive iodine. This disease responds very well to any kind of treatment. Patients suffering from Greaves disease often undergo levels of depression, weight gain, heart attack, calcium deficiency, etc. Patients are requests to seek medical help at every possible period. If some of the symptoms do get worse a surgery would be effectively required at the earliest.

Myxedma is a situation in which the brain stops working either during coma as there is low secretion of thyroid hormone. This low secretion of hormone in the blood often causes certain complications in Hypothyroidism. This situation further leads to dangerous sorts of thyroid diseases in the patient.  This disease is certainly not common but often observed among elder patients and women. This is also more prevalent during the cold periods. This situation often leads to death as there is little hormone secretion in the blood.

Most often the symptoms of hypothyroidism occur and then lead to myxedema or coma. Sometimes some of the symptoms gets unnoticed and leads to fatal death due to non-treatment at the regular periods. Some of the symptoms include depression, weight gain, headache, constipation, dry skin, lethargy, fatigue, cold intolerance, mental impairment, menstrual irregularity etc.

Most of these patients will certainly have a history in hypothyroidism and would have undergone a thyroid surgery. This problem is primarily due to the decreasing levels of hormones secreted by thyroid glands. This is majorly caused due to an absent working of the pituitary gland and the hypothalamus. This fails to give signals to the thyroid gland to manage its duties effectively.

Other factors include infections, trauma, and drugs like anesthesia, lithium tablets, amiodarone, stroke, heart failure, hypothermia, gastrointestinal bleeding, and inability to consume thyroid medicines. Some other observed symptoms include significant swelling of the eyes and entire body. In other cases, sparse, dry hair, collection of water in the lungs, harsh hallucinations, seizures, thickening of the eyebrows, abnormality in blood, reduction in sodium level, blood impurities, inability of the body to pump out additional water.

Most often a patient would require undergoing a thyroid test determining the level of T3 or T4 hormones in the blood. The other treatment options include helping the patient who finds difficulty in breathing and warming their body and bringing it back to normal temperatures. At times, antibiotics are also given to ensure no infections take place. However, the most difficult procedure is replacing the thyroid hormone which is also risky.

Cretinism is a condition of stunned physical and mental growth in patients occurring due to thyroid deficiency. Some other deficiencies include congenital hypothyroidism and sometimes due to maternal hypothyroidism.

This disease can either be sporadic, mild or severe if left untreated. Also this disease particularly leaves the patient weak for the early years of their life. The patient might be as tall as 1 to 1.6 mts which can also vary depending on sex, age, and other genetic reasons. Sometimes bone maturation and puberty too gets delayed. Ovulation takes long or sometimes is impossible and fertility problems crop inside the patient. The neurological impairment also is weak and due to reduction in muscle tone the patient finds it stressing to stand or walk for longer durations.

However the cognitive impairment does range from mild to severe in case of most patients. Their thinking ability and reflex power is certainly lesser and on a slower pace. The most important signs of this disease are enlarged tongue, protruding abdomen, and thickened skin. There are other sporadic and genetic factors which include abnormal development of thyroid gland.

Sometimes newborn infants are sent for a diagnosis and treatment purpose for treating them with thyroxine. This hormone is formed as a tablet and offered to newborn. The liquid in it will provide necessary T4 dosage to the newborn infant. Sometimes the tablets are crushed in milk and water can give periodically to infants in the early weeks.

The other common symptoms of this disease include flattened nose, lethargy, poor metabolism, mental retardation, dry skin, enlarged tongue, hypothyroidism, growth failure, bone dystrophy, waxy skin, thick skin etc. Most of these patients suffer from hypothyroidism and due to reduction of hormone secretion and iodine these cases do get etched in their medical history. This is the reason the thyroid gets enlarged and makes the neck look swollen or stiff.

It is often listed as the rarest disease ever introduced or researched, The national institute of health will explain that nearly 200000 people in theUSsuffer from this problem. This disorder takes place when complications arise with an abnormal opening in the top corner of the mouth. Apart from this a reduction in thyroid functions often leads to this syndrome.

Some of the most common symptoms of Bamforth Syndrome include hypothyroidism, spiky hair, divided epiglottis, cleft palate, small jaw, twisted hair shaft, mental retardation, abnormal thyroid, excess amniotic fluid, sparse scalp hair, absent scalp hair etc. All these symptoms will not be readily visible or apparent to the sufferer. This disorder will vary from one patient to another. Sometimes the symptoms or signs for this particular syndrome may not be fully accurate and hence it is always suggested to visit a doctor and not believe in self-treatment.

Once, the symptoms show some activity the disease needs to be treated as soon as possible. There are various medication services available which will lead to a proper consultation. In case you find it difficult to find a particular medication you could ask your family doctor to help you with the same. Sometimes burning or tingling feet might lead to an HIV or AIDS.

Hence, do not avoid seeing a doctor who would help you to understand your symptoms better. It can also be related to more serious disorders like Bamforth feet. And there are occasions when a spinal injury can lead to a permanent condition of cramps or tingling feet. It is often mistaken with other symptoms. Some of the symptoms also include back pain and neck stiffness. Hence, a complete research on this topic will yield better results. Secondly understanding the importance of diet and medications are extremely beneficial.

The first person to have actually reported or understood the Basedow’s coma was Carl Adolph Basedow. He was known to understand symptoms and work on them closely. He is known to have understood exophtalmic goiter and Graves Basedow disease. He was born inDessauand graduated fromHalleUniversity. He began his practice in 1822. He was also married to chief medical officer and later on researched on to the conditions of Basedow’s disease.  He died after being diagnosed with fever after dissecting a corpse.

This disease or disorder is an unconscious state of depressed activity wherein the individual has no whereabouts completely. He or she suffers from coma which might have occurred due to an injury or wound which stops the blood to flow through the brain.

The main symptoms of Basedow’ ssyndrome is head injury, diabetic coma, heart attack, metabolic diseases, stroke, kidney disease, diabetic ketoacidosis, liver disease etc.

The patient often has to go for a proper diagnosis. In most cases the diagnosis occurs when he is in coma. Sometimes when the doctor does not realize a present pulse, he or she would need to perform the basic CPR. The doctor will have to understand the level of consciousness and the extent of coma. The patient’s skin would turn blue, or yellow. There would be signs of hyper-pigmentation, rashes, jaundice and bruises. You will certainly have to check for any kind of head injury or wound marks.

This disease is also known as Grave’s disease due to its resemblance to some of the symptoms attached. Hence, people are requested to help others injured in any moment. You will also have to ensure that he or she is given the first aid without any kind of delay.

Once the basic procedures are followed rest of the problems would seem to be managed. You will also have to understand certain other symptoms which might make you confused. The person injured or affected will not be able to communicate and hence it is slightly scary when such patients are left alone.

This is a rare syndrome that is often characterized or occurred with a reduction in thyroid hormone secretion, ovaries as well as leading to enlarged feet and hands.

The most common symptoms of Renon-Delille syndrome include enlarged hands and feet, low blood pressure, impaired thyroid function, impaired ovarian function etc. There are some home diagnostic tests that can be certainly undertaken to find some relevance with Renon-Delille syndrome.

The home based diagnosis includes HIV tests, Chlamydia tests, hepatitis tests, trichomonas tests, herpes tests. There are certain tests related to pregnancy and detecting this syndrome during the same period. They include fertility tests, fetal tests, early pregnancy tests, rhesus tests, ovulation tests and pregnancy tests.

The other tests related to fertility include home ovulation tests, male fertility tests, sperm motility tests, sperm count tests and home sperm tests. This syndrome can also be detected by conducting adrenal function tests, thyroid function tests, TSH Tests, FSH hormone tests, Osteoporosis tests, Menopause tests, Home Vaginal PH tests; Bladder tests kits, Urinary Tract Infection Test Kits, Yeast Infection tests, Candida kits, etc. Other tests including liver health and hepatitis include sexually transmitted disease tests, liver tests, hepatitis tests etc.  Some of the diseases in this group include multiple sclerosis, lupus, chronic failure, hypothyroidism, thyroid disorders, multiple sclerosis, diabetes, depression, breast cancer, leg cramps.

Most patients often undergo leg cramps late at night. Sometimes undiagnosed thyroid conditions lead to this syndrome. Most of the symptoms of thyroid disorders include mild and less harmful conditions as compared to others. Sometimes obesity, thyroid disorders, metabolic syndrome, overweight, COPD, diabetes also puts a lot of pressure on patients. There is an increased risk of fertility and hence it is always best to get in touch with the doctor at the earliest.

Everybody knows that there are 12 vertebrae’s namely T1- T12. All these move at the back of your spine. The joints of T4 and discs particularly are easily prone to small injury as your spine keeps making numerous motions. This unnecessary motion often leads to injury to the local nerve and numbness and pain in the arms. The pain gets worse towards the upper arm. Sometimes the pain resembles to pain experienced by needles and pins. This stabbing pin is also noticed in your back, shoulder, chest, ribs and neck. Only one side of your body will be affected by this pain.

Sometimes, the injury can also take long to heal or fade and continuous activity might make things difficult. You will not be able to move your muscles the way you would want to. Hence, activities like driving, bending and sitting becomes difficult for all of them. T4 syndrome often occurs due to stabling injury on the spine and strenuous lifting activities. This injury often takes place due to a sudden frisk or movement of back which can occur due to a basketball game or gymnastics. This can further lead to a poor posture.

You must consult your doctor who will be able to diagnose and understand the problem better. You might be advised to go for a physiotherapy which may help to work out a proper treatment. You must ideally take rest while the injury heals and recover better. The patient is requested to take efficient rest as the T4 syndrome often gets worse when not succeeded with rest. You should also avoid all kind of activities that will put pressure on your spine and T4 vertebrae. Applying ice on your spine can help lowering the impact on T4 vertebrae. You must sit to the minimum and always prefer to visit a doctor whenever needed.

Sometimes T4 syndrome often leads to permanent back pain. Headache, loss of appetite and strain on muscles are some of the symptoms. A therapist would be the ideal person to judge and comment on treating T4 syndrome and prescribing medications. You shall take two to three weeks to completely get normal. Hence do not exert too much as this might rupture the vertebrae. Also keep travelling limited while you are resting. There might be days when packets of ice or balm can be applied but any treatment should be in judgment with your doctor and therapist.

A disorder often characterized by goiter, diabetes or insufficient hormone production often leads to a Bangstad syndrome. This disorder is often considered to get worse if the patient suffers from diabetes. Even gonads and ataxia often irritates the person and gives immense pain.

The most common symptoms of this syndrome would be short stature, goiter, diabetes, ataxia, deafness, small head, mental retardation, beaked nose, clubfoot, undescended testes, premature fusion of skull, hypothyroidism, delayed puberty, narrow face, prominent nose, narrow face, hypoparathyodism, small brain, pancytopenia, increase in hormone levels, low birth weight, retruding lower jaw etc. Most complications and symptoms of Bangstad syndrome will also lead to unproportionate short stature, microcephaly and facies abnormality. This is also considered as a rare disease.

This disorder is primarily the issue of the cell membrane. It is also considered as an inherited disorder right from childbirth. This syndrome often shows signs that reflect a possibility of a particular disease.  You must remember that this syndrome often affects very few patients every year. Hence, people are absolutely unaware of this kind of disease. Here, the patient feels rejected most of the times. It is up to the family and relatives who feel that they would take care of the patient.

The society also does not empathize with such patients. It is our responsibility to ensure such patents are treated with respect. This is extremely important as patients do require love and support. At the same time a thorough research of this subject can help you to relate and understand such patients deeply. In case you want to know more about this rare disorder ask your doctor or seek the help of the internet. You can always read about the treatments, pathology, medications and symptoms associated with this disease.

Most of the reasons for occurrence of this disease clearly points to genetic factors. These patients are often prone to heart attacks.  This disorder often leads to hypertension, obesity, diabetes, high cholesterol and high blood pressure. These patients often have a very stiff neck and find difficulty in coping up with work and activities. All they need is constant support that their loved ones need to shower so that they are felt touched and guarded. Families need to have some amount of patience to understand what their irritations and feelings would lead to.

Lastly, always keep in touch with your physician as you may always need help on medications and treatment patterns. Although there isn’t any permanent treatment, the patient will feel better with regular treatments.