Sexually Transmitted Diseases are the most common infectious diseases caused by the micro organisms and spread through any type of sexual activity, involving the sex organs.  These diseases are also termed as Sexually Transmitted Infections.

If your sexual life and present symptoms suggest that you have a Sexually Transmitted Infection, you must go for laboratory tests that can identify the cause and detect co infections you might also have contracted.

It is easier to treat Sexually Transmitted Infections caused by bacteria than virus. Viral infections could be manageable but not always cured. Pregnant women with a Sexually Transmitted Infection, if treated in early stage could avoid or reduce the risk of spreading infection to their babies.

Depending on the infection, treatment or drugs are used.

  • Antibiotics. Antibiotics can cure many sexually transmitted bacterial and parasitic infections, like gonorrhea, syphilis, chlamydia and trichomoniasis. It is also important to abstain from sex until the patient has completed treatment and all the symptoms have cleared off.
  • Antiviral drugs. Antiviral drugs work for herpes and AIDS. They reduce the symptoms and might cure the infection too! Antiviral drugs can keep HIV infection at bay for many years, although the virus persists and can be transmitted. It is always advisable to start the treatment at the earliest. The sooner it will be the more effective it is. If you take anti-HIV medication for 28 days, starting as soon as you know you have been exposed, you may avoid becoming HIV-positive.
  • Partner notification. If tests show that you have an Sexually Transmitted Infection, your sex partner/partners need to be informed so that they can get tested and treated if infected.

Preventive measures

The best treatment for Sexually Transmitted Diseases is to take the preventive measures and avoid getting affected. Abstain from sex or practise safe sex. Before any serious sexual contact, communicate with your partner about practicing safer sex. Get vaccinated. Do not undergo sexual practices under the influence of alcohol or drugs. You should also teach your teens about the basic do’s and don’ts. You can help your child understand the risks of sexual activity and that it’s advisable to wait to have sex.

Sexually Transmitted Diseases are the most common infectious diseases caused by the micro organisms and spread through any type of sexual activity, involving the sex organs.  These diseases are also termed as sexually Transmitted Infections.

Most Sexually Transmitted Diseases affect both men and women, but in many cases the health problems could be more severe for women. A pregnant mother can pass on the infections to her baby. The infection could be caused by bacteria/parasite or virus.

General symptoms of Sexually Transmitted Diseases:

  • Vaginal discharge. In case of men, discharge from the penis
  • Itching around the Vagina
  • Pain during sexual intercourse or in the pelvic area
  • Sore throat
  • Pain in or around the anus
  • Pain while urinating
  • Painless red sores on the genital area, tongue, anus or throat
  • Blisters in the genital area that turn into scabs
  • Rash on the palms or soles
  • Unexplained fatigue and weight loss
  • Frequent fever and body ache
  • Dark urine, loose, light colored stool and yellow eyes and skin
  • Soft, flesh colored warts around the genital area

One should always look for signs of a Sexually Transmitted Infection in his/her sex partner. Since Sexually Transmitted Diseases do not always cause visible symptoms, you should always take preventive measures before hand.  Use of latex condoms in case of men and female condoms in case of women could avoid spreading of infections. However, female condoms are not as effective in preventing Sexually Transmitted Diseases as male condoms are.

You should always wash your genitals and the surrounding areas with special cleansers and water and always urinate soon after you have a sexual intercourse. This would clear away some infection causing micro organisms before they can infect you. You should also be cautious about using injections at medical centers.  Always check if the syringes are sterilized. This is because; Sexually Transmitted Infections could also infect you by using infected syringes. A little precaution could help you to avoid such dreadful diseases to affect you in the long run.

Sexually Transmitted Diseases are the most common infectious diseases caused by the micro organisms and spread through any type of sexual activity, involving the sex organs.  These diseases are also termed as sexually Transmitted Infections.

If your sexual life and present symptoms suggest that you have a Sexually Transmitted Infection, you must go for laboratory tests that can identify the cause and detect co infections you might also have contracted.

There are treatments to treat the diseases related to Sexually Transmitted Infections, but the best way is to take the preventive measures and stay away from these dreadful diseases. There are several ways to avoid or reduce your risk of sexually transmitted infections.

  • The most effective way to avoid Sexually Transmitted Diseases is to abstain from sex.
  • Stay with one uninfected partner. One should practice to stay in a long-term mutually monogamous relationship with a partner who is not infected.
  • Avoid anonymous sex. It may increase your risk of possible exposure to an Sexually Transmitted Infection.
  • Before any serious sexual contact, communicate with your partner about practicing safer sex.
  • Get vaccinated. Getting vaccinated early, before sexual exposure, is effective in preventing certain types of STIs. Vaccines are available to prevent two viral STIs that can cause cancer — human papillomavirus (HPV) and hepatitis B. The HPV vaccine is recommended for all girls between ages 9 and 26, and the hepatitis B vaccine is usually given to newborns.
  • Avoid vaginal and anal intercourse with new partners. Use a latex condom or dental dam to prevent direct contact between the oral and genital mucosa.
  • Use a new latex condom for each sex act, whether oral, vaginal or anal.
  • Do not indulge in sexual act under the influence alcohol or drugs.
  • Teach your child and make them aware of the do’s and dont’s.   While you can’t control your teen or preteen’s actions, you can help your child understand the risks of sexual activity and that it’s advisable to wait to have sex. Sex education in schools will also help our children to understand the pros and cons of the issue.

Sexually Transmitted Diseases are the most common infectious diseases caused by the micro organisms and spread through any type of sexual activity, involving the sex organs.  These diseases are also termed as sexually Transmitted Infections.

If your sexual life and present symptoms suggest that you have a Sexually Transmitted Infection, you must go for laboratory tests that can identify the cause and detect co infections you might also have contracted.

  • Blood tests-Blood tests can confirm the diagnosis of HIV or stages of syphilis.
  • Urine samples-Some infections can be confirmed with a urine sample.
  • Fluid samples-Testing fluid and samples from the sores may be done to diagnose the type of infection.

Screening

Testing for a disease in someone who is asymptotic is called screening. Most of the time, the screening is not a usual part of health care. But there are exceptions

  • Everyone-The one particular Sexually Transmitted Infection screening test suggested for everyone ages 13 to 64 is a blood or saliva test for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the virus that causes AIDS.
  • Pregnant women should take utmost care-Screening for HIV, hepatitis B, chlamydia and syphilis generally takes place at the first prenatal visit for all pregnant women. Gonorrhea and hepatitis C screening tests are advised at least once during pregnancy for women at high risk of these infections.
  • Women of age 21 and older-The Pap test screens for cervical abnormalities, including inflammation, precancerous changes and cancer. Starting at age 21, women should have a Pap test at least every three years.
  • Women under age 25 and sexually active-All sexually active women under age 25 should be tested for chlamydia infection. The chlamydia test uses a sample of urine or vaginal fluid you can collect yourself. Screening for gonorrhea is also recommended in sexually active women under age 25.
  • People with HIV-One already having HIV, raises the risk of catching other STIs. Frequent syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia and herpes tests for people with HIV. Women with HIV may develop aggressive cervical cancer, so they should have Pap tests twice a year to screen for HPV.

Sexually Transmitted Diseases are the most common infectious diseases caused by the micro organisms and spread through any type of sexual activity, involving the sex organs.  These diseases are also termed as sexually Transmitted Infections. The infection could be caused by bacteria/parasite or virus.

Various viruses, bacteria and other micro organisms that are causes of STDs are stated below:

VIRUSES

A)  HIV: AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) is caused by a virus that infects white blood cells of the body. It destroys a person’s immune system.  During the initial phase, even if there are no symptoms and the blood test is negative, yet the person is highly infectious.

B)  Herpes Infections: The herpes viruses cause various illnesses. Chicken pox and mononucleosis (Epstein-Barr) are examples of a herpes virus.

Cold Sores and Fever Blisters: These sores are infectious for at least three to four days until the sores begin to heal. Contact with the sores or any contaminated object can cause the virus to be transmitted.

Genital Herpes: Genital herpes is what causes genital warts. All warts are caused from a virus. Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted wart.  It is caused from having intercourse with someone who has genital herpes, or from having oral sex with someone with a cold sore.

C)  Hepatitis Infections

There are several types of hepatitis; Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C.  You or food workers get the infections easily if do not wash hands properly after going to the washroom and then eat, by sexual contact or sharing needles by drug users or get infected blood.  There is no treatment and cure, but there is a vaccine for prevention.

BACTERIA

Abstinence or monogamous relations (always the same partner) with someone who is free of an STD will prevent transmission. Bacterial diseases are controlled by preventing transmission and by antibiotics.  Otherwise, the use of a condom and avoidance of oral/genital contact is recommended.

A) Chlamydia

B)  Gonorrhea

C)  Syphilis

Other Organisms that cause Sexually Transmitted Diseases

A) Trichomonas

B) Fungi and Yeast

C) Lice

Sexually Transmitted Diseases are the most common infectious diseases caused by the micro organisms and spread through any type of sexual activity, involving the sex organs.  These diseases are also termed as sexually Transmitted Infections.

Most Sexually Transmitted Diseases affect both men and women, but in many cases the health problems could be more severe for women. A pregnant mother can pass on the infections to her baby. The infection could be caused by bacteria/parasite or virus.

Sexually transmitted disease risk behavior cannot be viewed as merely the result of conscious choices.

Sexual health and the practice of responsible and sustainable sexual behaviors is a complex issue influenced by a wide array of biological, social, emotional, interpersonal, and spiritual issues.

Specific behaviors can be identified which facilitate the transmission of Sexually Transmitted Diseases, but factors influencing these behaviors are not generally amenable to simplistic explanation. Unprotected vaginal and anal intercourse is the primary method of transmission for Sexually Transmitted Diseases.  Abstinence or delay in the onset of sexual activity is an effective protective measure for preventing the transmission of all Sexually Transmitted Diseases.

Among people not practicing abstinence, mutually monogamous relationships provide a protective measure against Sexually Transmitted Diseases.  Avoidance of multi-partnering and anonymous sex venues can also significantly reduce the risk of infection with Sexually Transmitted Diseases.  Correct and consistent use of latex condoms during penetrative sexual activity constitutes an equally important protective behavior to prevent transmission of bacterial Sexually Transmitted Diseases.  The infection could also travel from one person to the other by sharing infected syringes.

The most common Sexually Transmitted Diseases are:

  • Chlamydia
  • Gonorrhea
  • Genital herpes
  • HIV/AIDS
  • HPV
  • Syphilis
  • Trichomoniasis

Suffering with any kind of Sexually Transmitted Disease creates huge lot of problems for the patient. It damages the normal functioning of the reproductive organs. It also destroys the patient’s immune system. So, it is always wise to address the issue at the very onset without feeling embarrassed as it might take a serious shape in the long run. And as they say, prevention is always better than cure, be aware of the various preventive measures to avoid the risks.